Ask 5 things to the Expert for High Blood Pressure Professor Melvin Lobo is a hypertension specialist and director of Bart's Blood Pressure Clinic in London, in a recent conversation with the worldwide magazine Reader's Digest he has given very important knowledge on this topic, which you must need to know for better health.
How did you become an expert on high blood pressure?
I started training in general cardiology but became more interested in better ways of preventing cardiovascular disease rather than dealing with the aftermath, such as heart attacks and strokes. How circulation is regulated is endlessly fascinating and extraordinarily complex.
What is high blood pressure?
It's the pressure above the normal range that constitutes an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Pressure is generated within the circulation in order to drive blood from the heart to be distributed throughout the body via the arterial system and returned via the venous system. Arterial pressure should be less than 140/90.
Why is it important to reduce it?
Uncontrolled high blood pressure is the number one risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the form of heart attacks, strokes, kidney disease, atrial fibrillation And it's entirely treatable.
What can people do themselves to prevent or reduce hypertension?
Non-drug approaches are very important. You should undertake dynamic cardiovascular exercise four to five times a week. Don't smoke. If you're hypertensive, increase fruit and vegetable consumption.
Keep to 14 units of alcohol a week.
Manage stress through breathing exercises, yoga or self-directed meditation apps.
What new treatments are in the pipeline?
The biggest development that's around the corner is combining anti-hypertensive medicines into a single pill. The more pills people are prescribed, the less likely they are to take them. In the last decade, there's been a movement towards interventional therapy, targeting the nerves that supply the kidney in a procedure called renal nerve ablation or renal denervation, and targeting the baroreflex, a set of nerve endings in the carotid artery.
for more information, go to hypertensionspecialist.co.uk
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